China cuisines are famous all around the world with a unique taste, aroma, and seasoning. Enjoying Chinese foods is an integral part of your Chinese history and culture discovery tour. Due to its historical power, China has influenced other countries’ cuisines in Asia in terms of seasonal ingredients and cooking techniques.

A standard Chinese meal contains two signature foods: a carbohydrate such as noodles and rice, and a fried dish of vegetables and meats. Chinese foods are colorful, smelly with fascinating seasonings and diverse in taste. Chinese people use many vegetables such as cabbage, mushrooms, eggplant, and broccoli for their foods. The foods are eaten with chopsticks and remember that you should not start eating before the elders.

If you are food lovers, there are eight regional cuisines in this country you should check out: Anhui, Cantonese, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, and Zhejiang. Due to its vast territory, Chinese foods are different in taste and flavors from region to region:

  • Eastern China cuisines: The taste is usually sweet and light. Rice vinegar, sugar and soy sauce are used for seasonings.
  • Central China cuisines: The taste is spicy as people use garlic and chili for seasonings. Sichuan Ma Po Tofu is the signature cuisine of this region.
  • Western China cuisines: Since there is a scarce of vegetables and fruits in this mountainous region, people often use wheat and meats such as yak, goat, and mutton in their meals. Due to severe climate, the meals are higher in fat and calories than other regions.
  • Northern China cuisines: Their meals contain more salty meat dishes and less vegetable.
  • Southern China cuisines: The foods are sour and spicy since people add a lot of chili to the ingredients.

 

Famous Chinese cuisines

Sweet and Sour Pork

Sweet and Sour Pork

This food is really colorful with red and orange color, and delicious with sweet and sour taste. The reason is they use flour, sugar, tomato sauce and vinegar when cooking this dish.

 

Kung Pao Chicken

Kung Pao Chicken

Kung Pao Chicken is a well-known Sichuan cuisine that is slightly modified in ingredients now so that the Westerners can enjoy it. This food contains diced chicken with fried peanuts and chili. In some restaurants, the chefs will serve Westernized version which chili is removed.

 

Ma Po Tofu

Ma Po Tofu

Sichuan is the home to many famous traditional dishes in China. The most popular one which can be named is Ma Po Tofu. This dish featured tofu cubes in spicy chili-and-bean sauce and ground beef or pork. You can choose to add chestnuts, onions or other vegetables for this food. Ma Po Tofu is tasty with milky tofu combined with the hot taste from Sichuan pepper.

 

Wontons

Wontons

This food is made by spreading square flour wrappers in your hand and filling it with minced pork or shrimp, vegetables and sliced onion. It is usually served in soup or noodles.

 

Dumplings

Dumplings

It is similar to wontons, however, the shape of dumplings look like a gold ingot. Dumplings are diverse in fillings; you can add minced chicken, pork or shrimp, carrots, onion and mushrooms.

 

Chow mein

Chow mein

Chow mein means ‘stir-fied noodles’ in English. Containing noodles, sliced meats (pork, beef or chicken), onions and vegetables, this food can be found almost everywhere in China.

 

Beijing roasted duck

Beijing roast duck

This cuisine is recognized as one of Chinese national dishes. Beijing roasted duck is praised for its crispy skin and often eaten with special sauce. This is a must-try cuisine for any first-time tourist to China.

 

Yangzhou Fried Rice

Yangzhou Fried Rice

For household cooking, the authentic fried rice used leftover rice from last meal and other leftover ingredients. This food usually has egg and white rice mixed with many ingredients such as meats, seafood and vegetables.

 

Dimsum

Dim sum

This cuisine is often served in a small steamer and in small portions. The ingredients can vary, including beef, seafood, pork, chicken, and vegetables. Hong Kong is the place where you can try dim sum.

 

Famous Chinese drinks

Tea

Tea plays an important role in Chinese meals, especially when you attend a dim sum meal. There are different types of tea in China: green, black, oolong, dark tea, etc. Drinking eat before and after the meal will be beneficial for your digestive system.

Alcoholic drinks

White liquor (Baijiu) is a popular Chinese alcoholic drink which is originally made from wheat and rice. Mao Tai is a reputable Baijiu brand. Remember too much alcohol is not good for your health, so know your limit.

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