Located in the east of Asia, China is the most populous and the fourth largest country in the world with the total area of 9.5 million square kilometers. This country has many beautiful attractions with breathtaking mountains, rivers, highlands, juggles, atmospheric ancient towns and stunning historic architecture. You can discover Oriental culture through Chinese’s fascinating arts, delicious cuisines, and traditional customs.

China History

As one of the world’s most ancient civilizations, China has 5000 years of history with many remarkable contributions to the modern world. China history can be divided into three periods: Ancient Dynasties, Imperial Period and Modern Era.

  • Ancient Dynasties: According to Chinese legends, the first dynasty was Xia in 2100BC. After that, Shang and Zhou dynasties ruled across the Yellow River’s banks.
  • Imperial Period: Qin marked the new milestone to China as this dynasty set up the holistic administrative system for the whole country. Qin Dynasty was followed by Han, Three Kingdoms Period (Wei, Shu, Wu), Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing. Qing was the last Chinese dynasty.
  • Modern Era: People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949, which is the turning point for China’s political, economic and social development.
China Geography
Yangtze River

China’s terrain descends from west to east and it is relatively diverse which will take you a considerable amount of time to discover.

  • Mountains, plateaus, and hills constitute 70% of Chinese landmass. The highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest in Tibet Plateau which is more than 8000 meters above the sea level.
  • With the system of 5000 rivers, China is a suitable place for your cruise excursion. The most frequently visited is Yangtze, which is the longest river in this country, and the third-largest in the world. Yellow River is the origin of ancient Chinese civilization.
  • The eastern plain is located near these two rivers; thus, Eastern region is more populous and developed than the west.
China Climate

Due to its topography, Chinese weather is remarkably different from region to region. Pay attention to the weather forecast before your trip.

  • Northeastern China (Cold-temperature zone)

This region experiences short and dry summers and chilly winters when the temperature can reach minus 20 degrees Celsius (Representative city: Harbin).

  • North-Central China (Mid-temperature zone)

This region has cold winter and high rainfall in summer. The temperature may reach 40 degrees Celsius in the summer and it is warmer than the Northeast in the winter (Representative cities: Beijing, Xian, Luoyang, Datong, and Pingyao).

  • South-Central China (Warm-temperature zone)

Winter is shorter and warmer than North-Central China while it is hot and humid during summer due to the effect of monsoon (Representative cities: Chengdu, Chongqing, Kunming).

  • Southeastern China (Subtropical zone)

This region experiences high rainfall from April to July while it is dry and cool in autumn and winter. Summer is hot and humid (Representative cities: Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Huangshan, Guilin, Hangzhou, Suzhou)

  • Western China (Plateau Climate zone)

Because of mountainous climate, this region has severe climate: hot in the summer (around 30-40 degree Celsius) and extremely cold in the winter (Representative provinces: Lhasa, Xining).

China Religion

The primary religions in China are Buddhism, Catholicism, Christianity, Muslim, Hindu and Taoism. Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Constitution. Although there are many Confucius temples around China, Confucianism is a school of philosophy rather than a religion.

It is recommended that tourists should dress conservatively and show respects whenever entering a religious site.

China Currency

Chinese official currency is the Yuan or Renminbi (CNY). The currency is classified into three units: yuan, jiao and fen. Remember that 1 yuan = 10 jiao and 1 jiao = 10 fen. Foreign currency like USD and EUR can be easily exchanged in the international airport exchange desks.

China Tourism
The Great Wall

Eastern China is more frequently visited than the west due to advantages in geography, climate, economy, and infrastructures. Some famous destinations in China are Beijing, Xian, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Chengdu, Guilin, and Chongqing.

  • Beijing: Beijing is one of the most populous metropolises with the harmonious combination of traditional architecture and modern development. Don’t miss Tian An Men Square, the Forbidden City, Summer Palace and especially the symbolic Great Wall when visiting Beijing.
  • Xian: Xian plays an important role in Chinese ancient history as the capital throughout 12 dynasties. Terracotta Army Museum is the place in which every tourist spends time when discovering the solemn aspect of this city.
  • Shanghai: Shanghai is the prosperous city with bustling streets and elegant buildings. The Bund and Yu Garden are the must-see places.
  • Guilin: If you want to experience Chinese rural lifestyle and explore the nature, Guilin is the right place for you. The lovely Li River and magnificent Longji Rice Terraces attract a lot of local and international tourists every year.
  • Hong Kong: The combination of Western and traditional culture makes Hong Kong an unforgettable place for your China trip. With the stunning Disneyland, Hong Kong is a popular place for family holidays.
  • Chengdu: The main attraction in Chengdu is the Giant Panda Breeding Base where tourists can play with adorable pandas – the symbol of China. Chengdu is also well-known for the diverse cuisines and tasty Sichuan foods.
  • Chongqing: Yangtze River flowing along this city plays an important role in Chinese ancient history as well as modern life.
China Public Holiday

Be aware of public holidays in China where transportations are crowded and tourist attractions are flooded with local travelers.

  • International New Year Day: January 1st
  • Chinese Lunar New Year: from the 1st to the 3rd day of the first lunar month
  • Ching Ming festival: 15th day of the third lunar month
  • International Labor Day: May 1st
  • Dragon boat festival: the 5th of the fifth lunar month
  • Mid Autumn festival: the 15th day of the eighth lunar month
  • National Day: October 1st